This is a Sixth in set of Reading comprehension to practice your English comprehension for competitive examinations.
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Here goes the passage, please read it carefully,
The butterfly, which is competitive swimming’s newest stroke, was developed in the mid-1930s, but it was not allowed in the Olympics till 1956. The story of the butterfly stroke is a good illustration of how coaches and swimmers are constantly searching for ways to improve stroke efficiency.
During the 1920s, the Japanese Olympic coaches used underwater photography to research stroke mechanics, and their efforts paid off when Japanese competitors won five of the six men’s swimming gold medals at the 1932 Games in Los Angeles.
It was a wakeup call to the rest of the swimming world, and one of the top US coaches, began doing his own filming. He studied that in the breast stroke the action of bringing their arms forward underwater slowed breast strokes down, so he came up with a method of bringing the arms forward over the water. This revised stroke brought great improvement in speed. Within a few years, every breaststroker was using this over arms butterfly action. The butterfly wasn’t legalized for some two decades, but at the 1956 Olympics at Melbourne “the fly” became an official event.
Q1. Where did the butterfly stroke come from?
Q2. What was the need for researching butterfly stroke?
Q3. What was the result of the Japanese research?
Q4. What was the drawback in the conventional breaststroke?
Q5. What is the technique currently used in official events?
Q6. Why do you think is the current style named ‘butterfly stroke’?
Q7. Explain ‘It was the wake-up call to the rest of the world’.
Q8. Do as directed :
Within a few years, every breaststroker was using this over arms butterfly action. (Rewrite using ‘It was not long ……….)
A1. The butterfly stroke came from one of the top US coaches of the 1930s after employing the Japanese method of underwater photography to research stroke mechanics.
A2. Research was necessary in order to improve stroke efficiency in competitive swimming.
A3. Japanese competitors won five of the six men’s swimming gold medals at the 1932 Games in Los Angeles.
A4. In the conventional breaststroke, the action of bringing the arms while underwater slowed the swimmer.
A5. The current technique is the over arm butterfly stroke.
A6. In the butterfly stroke, the swimmer brings the arms forward over the water, which is similar to the butterfly’s wing movements.
A7. The whole world realized the benefits of something.
A8. It was not long before every breaststroker was using this over arms butterfly action.
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