A new set of Reading comprehension to practice your English comprehension for competitive examinations. This is reading comprehension set No. 8 and it covers an interesting topic on Parachute. Enjoying learning about parachute and reply answers to questions
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The out of many other post written, some of them are as given below
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Here goes the passage, please read it carefully,
The parachute was invented to be a life-saving device especially for fighter aircraft pilots and later, its use deviated into dropping missions for commandos into enemy territory and also for dropping food and medicines into flood/earthquake affected areas. Ultimately it developed into the adventure sport of paragliding.
Its history of invention dates back to 1514 when Leonardo da Vinci made drawings of a huge flat sail, and wrote elaborate notes on the way it was supposed to work. Nearly 300 years later, a Frenchman, Joseph Montgolfier (inventor of balloons) made a small, circular, rigid parachute, like an umbrella, with a basket strung beneath it. He put a sheep in the basket and dropped it from a high tower. Slowly and safely the sheep descended to the earth. Many such experiments followed and in 1797 a Frenchman named Garnerin dropped safely from a balloon, in Paris. His parachute was more like those we see today- being made of numerous cloth panels forming a cup shape which billows while descending.
After that, various modifications improved the parachute in design, material, size and use, until in America a man named Baldwin designed a folding one made of silk. It was designed to open out as soon as the air current caught it and he made several successful jumps with it.
Q1. What does this passage deal with?
Q2. How did Montgolfier demonstrate his parachute?
Q3. ‘Necessity is the mother of invention.’ What was the necessity in this case?
Q4. Who invented the modern day parachute?
Q5. Who, do you think, was Leonardo da Vinci?
Q6. Give one word for (i) Fill with air and swell
(ii) Turn away from the main course
Q7. It opened out as soon as the air current caught it. (rewrite using ‘no sooner…..than….’)
A1. This passage deals with the run-up to the invention of parachute.
A2. Montgolfier put a sheep in the basket and dropped it from a high tower. The sheep landed on the ground, slowly and safely.
A3. The necessity was to devise a life saving device for fighter aircraft pilots.
A4. Garnerin, a Frenchman invented the parachute in 1797.
A5. Leonardo da Vinci was a famous Italian Renaissance painter who painted the ‘Last Supper’ and ‘Mona Lisa.’ He was also a sculptor, musician and engineer.
A6. (i) billows
A7. No sooner did the air current catch it, than it opened out.
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