Published on June 19th, 2012 In category English

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Tricks for complex sentence formation

In this article we will understand the type of the sentence and in the end will learn tricks to figure out the clues for fill in the blanks for complex sentence. We will do this by identifying the logic of the sentence and best way to figure out this logic. This will help as the writer normally will like to convey message, hence sentence formation has to be logical. There is another post of mine that covers general tricks for sentence completion, this article is more geared for the complex sentence.

First to start with lets learn the types of sentences in English Grammar, there are normally 3 types of sentences : Simple sentence, Compound Sentence and Complex Sentence

Simple Sentence: It is a single sentence containing subject and verb and expresses a complete thought, sometimes it is also called independent clause. For eg. Ram goes to library to study books, or another example Ram goes to library and study books.

Compound Sentence: It is normally two independent sentences joined with help of a connector such as but, yet, for, nor, or, so etc. Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma.  for eg. Papa was working for office, so mom went for shopping.

Complex Sentence: In these types a there are multiple sentence and the main sentence is normally dependent on other sentence to provide full comprehension. for eg.  If we try our best, we will win the match

NOTE: The difference between compound and complex sentence is, in latter case there is dependency between the sentences.

To fill in the blanks for completing the complex sentences, the ticks lies in identifying the connector or co-ordinator. Once you will know the what the connector is trying to acheive in a sentence, filling in blanks with logic become very simple. The connectors or co-ordinators can be of 3 main type

  1. Cause and effect
  2. Support
  3. Contrast

In this section I am considering Contrast signals. There are certain connectors whose meanings are inherently suggestive of contrast. These are called implicit contrast as they suggest some unexpected /unwanted /untoward thing has happened .Some of the words is as given below.

  1. Paradoxical / paradoxically
  2. Unexpected / unexpectedly
  3. Surprising / surprisingly
  4. Shocking / shockingly
  5. Anomalous / anomalously
  6. Sceptical /sceptically
  7. Scenic  / scenically
  8. Illogically /illogically
Likewise there is another group of words or phrases known as explicit contrast , which create reversal of thoughts. These words indicate contrast of one idea over another similar to antonyms.
  1. Despite              on the contrary
  2. Albeit                  nevertheless
  3. But                       not withstanding
  4. However             rather than
  5. In spite of            while
  6. Instead of           yet