In this article we will understand the type of the sentence and in the end will learn tricks to figure out the clues for fill in the blanks for complex sentence. We will do this by identifying the logic of the sentence and best way to figure out this logic. This will help as the writer normally will like to convey message, hence sentence formation has to be logical. There is another post of mine that covers general tricks for sentence completion, this article is more geared for the complex sentence.
First to start with lets learn the types of sentences in English Grammar, there are normally 3 types of sentences : Simple sentence, Compound Sentence and Complex Sentence
Simple Sentence: It is a single sentence containing subject and verb and expresses a complete thought, sometimes it is also called independent clause. For eg. Ram goes to library to study books, or another example Ram goes to library and study books.
Compound Sentence: It is normally two independent sentences joined with help of a connector such as but, yet, for, nor, or, so etc. Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma. for eg. Papa was working for office, so mom went for shopping.
Complex Sentence: In these types a there are multiple sentence and the main sentence is normally dependent on other sentence to provide full comprehension. for eg. If we try our best, we will win the match
NOTE: The difference between compound and complex sentence is, in latter case there is dependency between the sentences.
To fill in the blanks for completing the complex sentences, the ticks lies in identifying the connector or co-ordinator. Once you will know the what the connector is trying to acheive in a sentence, filling in blanks with logic become very simple. The connectors or co-ordinators can be of 3 main type
- Cause and effect
In this section I am considering Contrast signals. There are certain connectors whose meanings are inherently suggestive of contrast. These are called implicit contrast as they suggest some unexpected /unwanted /untoward thing has happened .Some of the words is as given below.
- Paradoxical / paradoxically
- Unexpected / unexpectedly
- Surprising / surprisingly
- Shocking / shockingly
- Anomalous / anomalously
- Sceptical /sceptically
- Scenic / scenically
- Illogically /illogically
- Despite on the contrary
- Albeit nevertheless
- But not withstanding
- However rather than
- In spite of while
- Instead of yet