Published on August 22nd, 2011 In category Education | English

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Use of prepositions in english sentence formation

The prepositions are small words that normally comes before nown, during the sentence formation and filling answers there is always confusion how to use the words like At, On, In, Between, Above, Over, Below, Under, Against etc. The prepositions are normally divided as preposition of time, place and direction. I have also includes some under misc to give good understanding of using the prepositions in the sentence formations

1. Preposition of time: The preposition of time are : from, after, during, till, before, at, on, in, by, for & Since

  • On = Normally used with days and dates: in context of general point of time for eg. On Wednesday, on 22nd March etc.
  • At = Used with definite time – at 5:00 PM, at night, at 4 past 30 min.
  • In = Generally used with the parts of time
    • For seasons – In Spring time
    • For part of day – In evening
    • Year – in 2011
    • after a certain period of time – In half an hour
  • By = Refers to denote
    • Upto certain period of time = Ram will be back by 7′ o Clock
    • By latest up to that time = By 2′ O clock , the doorbell will ring atleast 4 time
  • Since = from a certain point of time (past till now) Since 1947
  • From = Refers to starting point of time – for eg. Rajiv was playing from 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM

2. Preposition of position: The preposition used to define the position in relation to another, these includes

  • At = refer to exact position = At Bora Bazzar, At Eiffel tower
  • In  = Refer to position inside or with larger entities like  for eg. In France , In Naples, in Country side or in Wardrobe
  • Between = Used in context of two persons or things  ( 4 sweets distributed between Ram and Shyam)
  • Among = Used in contect of distribution in group for eg. (the Sweets were distributed among the students in class)
  • Above =  The context is on the position that is higher than for eg.  A path above the lake
  • Over = The context is on the position that is
    • Either vertical over = Chandelier is hanging over dining table
    • Meaning more than =  Over 40 % students passed the test
    • Getting to other side = Cross over fence
    • To cover = The cloth was put over table
  • Below = The context is for the position lower than for eg. The road goes below to the valley
  • Under = The context is for the position vertically below the position- He was sitting under umbrellaa

3. Preposition for directions :  The words like to, towards, into, at, for, against, off, from refer to the directions. They are used in the following fashion

  • To = refer to a destination:  She walked to the post
  • Towards = refers to direction = This road goes towards community hall
  • Into = Moving inside = Cat jumped into the hay stack
  • For = Refers to direction = Roger left for Bangalore in his car
  • From = Refers to point of direction – Mike is coming from Bangalore in his car
  • Off- Refers to separation = He jumped off the platform

4. Misc. use of prepositions:

  • About = Shows the nearness – She was about to leave when police came in
  • Along = Shows similarity in terms like in same line = Both of them walked along the Road
  • After = refers to sequence = Ram enter the door after Shyam
  • Across = Mean one end to other end = He walked across the bridge
  • Against = Opposition – Girdhar stood against Ghanshyam in the election
  • Before = means to bring in front of = The thief was brought  before Judge for  trial
  • Behind = At the back = There is a peg behind the door
  • Beyond = mean on the farther side of = The cap is beyond my reach
  • Beside = by the side of = He was beside his brother in the hospital
  • Down = Coming down = Rat ran down the pipe
  • Than = Denotes Comparison = This Toyota is better than Suzuki

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  1. faizumar says:

    why “at” is used for night though it is also a part of time and why there is a use of “in” in evening … when its also a part of time