Fractions are an important topic for competitive examinations, in the earlier post Working with fractions for problem solving we learned how to convert decimal into fractions, operations of fractions such as multiplication, division, addition and subtraction of the fractions, converting improper fractions and fractions as power.

In this article we will cover the topic of complex fractions, reducing a fraction to lowest terms, fractions to ratios and equivalent fractions.

**Complex Fractions:** A fraction where numerator and denominator are also fractions is called as complex fractions. For eg.

The way to solve such complex fractions is as follows:

**Reducing a fraction to lowest terms:** When the nominator and denominator does not have any common factors

For example: 4/5 is a fraction reduced to lowest terms where as 20/25 can reduced to lowest form by dividing both numerator and denominator by 5

**Equivalent Fraction: ** Two fractions are equal or equivalent if both represent the same ratio. The above example can be illustrated as an example of Equivalent fractions

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